Federal democratic of Ethiopia
Fuel name: Federal democratic of Ethiopia
Capital city: Addis Ababa
Land : 1.14 Million square Kilometers
Topography and Climate: Ethiopia has an elevated plateau ranging in height between 2,000 to 3000 meters. In the north and south east part of the country there are high mountains whose picks rise to above 4,300 M. one of the bigets lake which is the source of famous Nile river is also found in the northern part of the country. Ethiopia also has two major favorable seasons wet and Dry seasons. We season runs from June to September and dry prevails October trough May.
Economy : Ethiopia is a multi-ethnic state with a great variety of languages spoken in the country, of which there are 83 with 200 dialects. Amharic is the working language of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia while Oromigna, Tigrigna and Guragina are widely spoken. Moreover, English, Italian, French and Arabic are widely spoken in the spheres of commerce and education.
Religion: Major religions in the country are Christianity and Islam but there are also some Catholic and protestant.
Internet , telephone and fax service:
Internet domain or country code suffix .et Numerous internet cafes are available in Addis Ababa and in other cities. They all give Fax and telephone calling service. The country Dialling Code is +251.
Ethiopia uses 220 volts 50 cycles AC.
The population is estimated at 83.1 million (UN 2007)
Ethiopia is in the GMT + 3 hours time zone. Ethiopia follows the Julian calendar
Main product Exports:
Ethiopian main exports are based on agricultural products as such as: Coffee, hides, oil seeds, beeswax, meat, sugarcane, and flowers.
Banking hours are usually from 8:00 am – 4:00 pm from Monday to Friday and from 8:00 am – 11:00 am on Saturdays. Closing times may be an hour longer in some private banks. Most banks work through lunchtime; however foreign exchange services are closed during lunch hours (12:00 noon – 1:00 pm
Couriers and Money transfer services
Money transfers can be made through Western Union and Money Gram. Both have representative branches in Addis Ababa and also make their services available from private and national banks.
Four courier service providers DHL, FedEx, UPS, TNT and EMS have offices in Addis Ababa
Addis Ababa has hotels that cater for all pockets, from the luxurious Sheraton and Hilton hotels to the tourist-class hotels such as the Ghion, the Ethiopia and the Wabi Shebelle. All tourist resorts offer a choice of modern hotels.
In general between seasons clothes are appropriate. At higher altitudes, woolen clothes or a coat are needed in the evenings. Travelers should take rain coat or other rainwear, particularly when visiting the country during the period from February to October. It is usually possible to have clothes laundered at or near hotels within a short period of time (frequently services are offered 24 hours a day).
Prior to entry, visitors should be in possession of a valid health certificate for yellow fever. Vaccination against cholera is also required for any person who has visited or transited a cholera-infected area within six days prior to arrival in Ethiopia.
Ethiopia Customs, Currency & Airport Tax regulations details
Duty-free imports are permitted for up to:
– 400 cigarettes or 250 grams of tobacco (only for passengers of 18 years and older);
– 2 litres of alcoholic beverages (only for passengers of 18 years and older);
– 600 ml of perfume;
– goods for personal use.
Arms and Ammunition regulations::
Prohibited: Firearms and bullets or parts thereof.
Import licence required for hunting guns.
Free export of goods for personal use.
Cats and dogs must be accompanied by veterinarian good health certificate issued at point of origin.
Baggage Clearance regulations::
Baggage is cleared at first airport of entry into Ethiopia.
Exempt: baggage of transit passengers with a destination outside of Ethiopia when the onward flight is within 24 hours.
Airport Embarkation Tax
No airport tax is levied on passengers upon embarkation at the airport.
Currency Import regulations:
Local currency (Ethiopian Birr-ETB): up to ETB 200.- per person.
Foreign currencies: for nationals of Ethiopia: not allowed. For other nationals: up to a max. of USD 3,000.- or equivalent, without bank permit.
Currency Export regulations:
Local currency (Ethiopian Birr-ETB), provided passenger holds a re-entry permit: ETB 200.- per person.
Foreign currencies : up to the amounts imported and declared, if exceeded USD 3,000.- or equivalent.
Ethiopia has a population of approximately 80 million people and, with a land-mass covering 1,104,300km2 (426,370 sq miles) (five times the area of the United Kingdom), is the tenth largest country in Africa. The major ethnic/linguistic groups are the Oromo (40%), Amhara (22%) Tigrai (10%), Sidamo (9%) and Somali (6%). Its capital is Addis Ababa.
Ethiopia’s economy is dominated by subsistence agriculture. Coffee accounts for 55% of Ethiopia’s exports. But, despite the international renown for its coffee, Ethiopia is still one of the poorest countries in Africa.
Climate The climate of Ethiopia varies greatly according to topographical regions. In general, the climate is temperate in the highlands and hot in the lowlands. The major part of the country consists of high plateau, which gives the country its pleasant, moderate climate with minimal seasonal temperature variation. The mean minimum during the coldest season is 6˚C (43˚F) while the mean maximum rarely exceeds 26˚C (79˚F). Temperature variation in the lowlands are much greater, and the heat in the desert and Red Sea Coastal areas is extreme, with occasional highs of 60˚C (140˚F). In Addis, the average temperature consistently remains around 15˚C (59˚F) throughout the year; however, you should not underestimate the intensity of the equatorial sun. It is advised to bring a hat, sunscreen and sun glasses. Heavy rainfall occurs in most of the country during June, July, August and September. The average annual precipitation in the country during the major rainy season is 39 inches. While the northeast and eastern plains receive less than 19 inches, Addis Ababa receives close to 49 inches of rainfall.
Geographically Ethiopia is stunning. The landscape is dominated by the dramatic Ethiopian Highlands with peaks of 4000m or higher. The country is bisected by the Rift Valley, which starts at the Red Sea, to the North East, and continues south to Mozambique in southern Africa.
The two major mountain ranges are the Simien Mountains (a World Heritage Site), in the north of the country; and the Bale Mountains to the east of the Rift Valley, in the southern highlands.
The major rivers include the Blue Nile, in the northwest; and the Baro to the west (Gambella), which feeds the White Nile in Uganda, and ultimately joins the Blue Nile in Sudan. The Wabe Shebelle courses through southeast from the Bale Mountains into Somalia. The Omo River starts in the western highlands and feeds Lake Turkana on the Kenyan border. The Awash feeds a series of desert lakes to the east of the country near the Djibouti border.
Ethiopia is generally a very safe country. However, casual theft and pick-pocketing are fairly common in some parts of the country. As a precaution, we recommend a lightweight passport pouch that can be worn under your clothing, either around your neck or waist. The pouch should hold only your passport, air tickets, a credit card and most of your travelers’ checks. You should be alert when traveling in cities and crowded areas. Police can be identified easily through their obvious uniforms.